Noun Cases: Cases in noun tell about the position and...Read More
NOUN : GENDER
Gender is another way of classification of nouns. We consider some nouns to be female and others to be male. But for some nouns we cannot decide if they are male or female. Fr these we need knowledge of gender of nouns.
There are four genders in grammar. And these are very different from biological gender classification.
Nouns that are recognized to be males (man or boy) fall under this category. This gender takes pronouns he (subjective), his (objective), and his (possessive).
King, Boy, Man, Bull, Father, Uncle, Lion, etc.
Nouns that are recognized to be females (women or girls) fall under this category. This gender days pronounce she (subjective), her (objective), and hers (possessive).
Queen, Girl, Women, Cow, Mother, Aunt, Lioness, etc.
Nouns that are recognized to be either males (man or boy) or females (women or girls) fall under this category. For some nouns we know for sure that they have a gender, but we cannot identify it precisely. These are usually common nouns.
servant, doctor, person, cousin, friend, soldier, scientist, leader, student, lawyer, etc.
Nouns that cannot be recognized as either male (man or boy) or female (women or girls) fall under this category. They are neither male nor female. These are usually non-living things.
Collective nouns, those are groups of living things, also fall in neuter gender.
Chair, tree, eraser, sword, army, jury, family, computer, mountain, bus, etc.
FORMATION OF FEMININE GENDER:
- Using a totally different word:
- By adding suffix -ess, –ine, -trix, -a, etc.
- Sometimes few letters or vowels are dropped and then suffix -ess is added:
- By changing the word before or after the noun: