NOUN : GENDER

Gender is another way of classification of nouns. We consider some nouns to be female and others to be male. But for some nouns we cannot decide if they are male or female. Fr these we need knowledge of gender of nouns.

There are four genders in grammar. And these are very different from biological gender classification.

types of gender in nouns

1.MUSCULINE GENDER:

Nouns that are recognized to be males (man or boy) fall under this category. This gender takes pronouns he (subjective), his (objective), and his (possessive).

Examples:

King, Boy, Man, Bull, Father, Uncle, Lion, etc.

2.FEMININE GENDER:

Nouns that are recognized to be females (women or girls) fall under this category. This gender days pronounce she (subjective), her (objective), and hers (possessive).

Example:

Queen, Girl, Women, Cow, Mother, Aunt, Lioness, etc.

3.COMMON GENDER:

Nouns that are recognized to be either males (man or boy) or females (women or girls) fall under this category. For some nouns we know for sure that they have a gender, but we cannot identify it precisely. These are usually common nouns.

Examples:

servant, doctor, person, cousin, friend, soldier, scientist, leader, student, lawyer, etc.

4.NEUTER GENDER:

Nouns that cannot be recognized as either male (man or boy) or female (women or girls) fall under this category. They are neither male nor female. These are usually non-living things.

Collective nouns, those are groups of living things, also fall in neuter gender.

Examples:

Chair, tree, eraser, sword, army, jury, family, computer, mountain, bus, etc.

FORMATION OF FEMININE GENDER:

  • Using a totally different word:
MUSCULINE FEMININE
Father
Mother
Brother
Sister
Uncle
Aunt
Boy
Girl
King
Queen
Sir
Madame
Monk
Nun
Husband
Wife
Drone
Bee
Man
Woman
Lord
Lady
Wizard
Witch
Servent
Maid
  • By adding suffix -ess, ine, -trix, -a, etc.
MUSCULINE FEMININE
Author
Authoress
Tailor
Tailoress
Heir
Heiress
Poet
Poetess
Mayor
Mayoress
Host
Hostess
Lion
Lioness
Hero
Heroine
Sultan
Sultana
Administrator
Administratrix
God
Goddess
Prosecutor
Prosecutrix
  • Sometimes few letters or vowels are dropped and then suffix -ess is added:
MUSCULINE FEMININE
Actor
Actress
Tiger
Tigress
Waiter
Waitress
Negro
Negress
Master
Mistress
Traitor
Traitress
Duke
Duchess
Hunter
Huntress
Emperor
Empress
Sorcerer
Sorceress
  • By changing the word before or after the noun:
MUSCULINE FEMININE
Bull-calf
Cow-calf
He-goat
She-goat
He-bear
She-bear
Jack-ass
Jenny-ass
Man-servant
Maid-servant
Bull-seal
Cow-seal
Cock-sparrow
Hen-sparrow
He-wolf
She-wolf
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